Surgical Instruments All Hospitals Require

The need to provide quality healthcare requires the adoption of appropriate legislation that creates the appropriate organizational framework. Starting from the principle that health is our most important asset, we must become aware of it so that we do not appreciated only when it is lost. This requires a certain quality of living and an appropriate educational level of the population. In addition, it is necessary to increase the contribution of prophylactic medicine, which is the most effective and profitable for the patient. However, considering that sooner or later, the health condition becomes affected no matter what we do, the best and most efficient treatment conditions must be ensured.

Ensuring adequate surgical assistance implies, depending on the type of pathology, the participation of specialized echelons. For practical and economic reasons, the surgical service is organized by specialty, and each specialty by sectors: ambulatory, stationary, operating block, sterilization station and intensive care service.

orthopedic surgical instruments

In order to perform the surgical interventions, from the simplest to the most complicated, in addition to multiple equipment and sanitary supplies, various surgical instruments are also required. Over time, increasingly improved surgical instruments have been created and manufactured to meet the needs of the surgeons. For instance, there are orthopedic surgical instruments favored and more often used by orthopedists. As such, there are many types of surgical instruments, but each hospital is required to have at least the most commonly used. The classification can be made according to different criteria:

  • Surgical specialty (general surgery, thoracic surgery, cardio-vascular surgery, minimally invasive surgery, urology, obstetrics-gynecology, orthopedics, ophthalmology, dentistry etc.)
  • Usage (usual or special)
  • Duration of use (reusable or disposable)
  • Place of use (kits with a specific purpose: for first aid, for doctors’ offices, for ambulatories of different surgical specialties, for different types of surgical interventions)
  • Finally, the type of approach, classic or videoscopic, should also be mentioned, since most of the instruments from classical surgery correspond to laparoscopic surgery instruments

But the most detailed classification is according to the purpose of the surgical instruments. Hospitals typically purchase surgical instruments in bulk because they are used in most areas of the surgical service.

Tissue cutting tools

  • the classic scalpel and its derivatives: single-use scalpel or reusable, with detachable blade, with particular shapes etc.
  • the amputation knife
  • straight or curved surgical scissors, with pointed or sharp tip and of different dimensions
  • osteotomes
  • chisels
  • blades type with or without frame, Gigli type, electric, pneumatic
  • electric cutter for sectioning and hemostasis
  • ultrasound scalpel
  • laser scalpel

Exploration tools

  • grooved probe
  • hysterometer

Instruments for grasping and manipulating tissues

  • anatomical pliers
  • surgical pliers
  • heart pliers
  • Babckok pliers
  • Chaput tissue grasping forceps
  • straight and curved coprostatic pliers
  • anastomotic Line-Thomas pliers

Hemostasis tools

  • pean hemostatic clamp artery forceps
  • Kocher pliers
  • Mosquito pliers
  • Halsted clamp
  • Guyon vessel clamp
  • Satinski anastomosis clamps
  • bulldog clamps – Dieffenbach type

Retractors

  • Farabeuf retractor
  • valves of different shapes and sizes
  • autostatic separators of different types (Gosset, Dartigues, Finochetto, Collin)
  • anal dilator
  • vaginal speculum

Suture tools

  • Hagedorn round and triangular needles
  • atraumatic needles
  • metal clips of different types
  • Mathieu needle port
  • Hegar needle port
  • rechargeable or disposable staplers for mechanical or circular sutures